The Italian “carré militaire” of Guillotière cemetery, Lyon (part 1)

Thanks to an unplanned journey in France during the last week-end, I had the opportunity to visit Guillotière cemetery in Lyon (France), I know that about 68 Italian soldiers were buried there. You may wonder how Italian soldiers ended there. It’s quite simple: in April 1918, Italian soldiers belonging to the 2nd Italian Army Corps were sent to France (the headquarter of this unit was based in the 6th arrondissement). Like in several other French towns, local hospitals were used for wounded and sick soldiers from all countries. 68 Italian soldiers and military workers (from the Truppe Ausiliare in Francia, TAIF) who died in hospitals of Lyon were buried there. I’ll dedicate some posts to the graves; for today, I’ll simply present the statue, an allegory of mourning, inaugurated in 1925. The text, in Italian, states: “Italian colony in Lyon with the generous help of the silk producers of Milan has erected this memorial to the Italian soldiers who fell in France for the holiest cause and to remember to future generations that Italy and France have shared suffering, tears and glory. 1915-1918.”



Fatiche di guerra (again)

And about three years after my first post about the fatiche di guerra” distinction, established by royal decree number 641 of 21 May 1916 and circular #29450, dated 17 September 1917 (this distinction was given to soldiers who had spent 1 year in the War zone), here’s another picture of the diploma. This is probably a less known version of this diploma, I don’t know if this variant was awarded to French or British soldiers. This diploma was issued after April 5, 1918, as it specifies the rules linked to the stars shown on the ribbon. As the soldier had spent 1 year on the front line, a star was added to the ribbon.