340 mm gun or 14 inch gun?

You have probably already seen this picture on some books or web sites, with the following caption: “Navy 14 inch Railway Gun from Springfield Arsenal LLC in France, 1918, Firing from Thierville-sur-Meuse”. Even on L’Illustration, the caption stated it was able to destroy enemy trenches which were 35 kms away!


The point is that it’s not one of the 14 inch coastal guns brought from the USA to France in 1918, but a very French 340 mm modèle 1912 sur affût-truck à berceau made by Saint-Chamond company. Indeed, the US Army, with the exception of the 5 14 Inch coastal guns above mentionned, didn’t have any heavy artillery and had to use French one (and some British guns).


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