The Imperial-Royal Mountain Troops (German: Kaiserlich-königlich Gebirgstruppe) were founded in 1906 as part of the Austrian Landwehr. On 1 May 1906 the two state rifle regiments with their HQs stationed in Bozen and Trient (now Bolzano and Trento, both in Italy) and the 4th Landwehr Infantry (Klagenfurt) were nominated as “high mountain troops” (Hochgebirgstruppe) and, in 1909, a third state rifle regiment, with its HQ stationed in Candido, was added. In 1911, the fifth regiment followed: the 27th Imperial-Royal Landwehr Infantry (Laibach) (source: a very complete page on Wikipedia).



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